The premise behind the STOP skill is to take frequent small breaks to check in - with yourself, how you're feeling and the situation around you, before moving forward.
This skill involves four steps:
So step #1 - stop 🛑. Take a moment to pause.
This leads directly into into step #2 - breathe. Take a couple deep breaths. If you want, you can try breathing in for a count of 4, holding this breath for a count of 7, and then exhale for a count of 8. Repeat again if desired.
Once you have taken a couple deep breaths, it's time to move on to step #3 - observe. Observe what’s going on around you. What's going on internally (ie. what's going on in your mind? What emotions are you experiencing?)
Now that you have taken time to consider the situation around you and how you're feeling, what would be the best way to move forward? Step #4 - proceed mindfully.
In Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (a popular form of psychotherapy -DBT for short), they teach you about the different "states of mind", including the:
1. Rationale/Reasonable Mind
2. Emotional Mind
3. Wise Mind
Too often when we are feeling stressed or anxious, our emotional mind wants to take control. Unfortunately, this often does not lead to the outcome we intended or desired - often acting impulsively or without much thought (if any).
What if instead, we listen to these thoughts and emotions, but use them to effectively guide our actions (ie. using our 'wise mind'). Taking the time to breathe, listen to our body, and think more clearly. Or in other words, acting mindfully instead of impulsively.
Skills such as the STOP skill can help you through times of stress to step away from an emotional mind, and into a more wise mind. So the next time you feel your emotions about to take control, remember to STOP!
To learn more about the various states of mind and another skill to help engage your wise mind, please checkout "A Wise Mind ACCEPTS"